He united much of Europe during the early Middle Ages and he was the first recognised emperor in western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. He became king in following his fathers death, initially as co-ruler with his brother Carloman I, carlomans sudden death in in unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the undisputed ruler of the Frankish Kingdom. He continued his fathers policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in northern Italy and he campaigned against the Saxons to his east, Christianising them upon penalty of death and leading to events such as the Massacre of Verden.
Almost all government powers of any consequence were exercised by their chief officer, the mayor of the palace or major domus. InPippin of Herstal, mayor of the palace of Austrasiaended the strife between various kings and their mayors with his victory at Tertry and became the sole governor of the entire Frankish kingdom.
Pippin himself was the grandson of two of the most important figures of the Austrasian Kingdom, Saint Arnulf of Metz and Pippin of Landen. Pippin the Middle was eventually succeeded by his illegitimate son Charles, later known as Charles Martel the Hammer.
AfterCharles governed the Franks without a king on the throne but declined to call himself "king". Charles was succeeded by his sons Carloman and Pepin the Shortthe father of Charlemagne.
To curb separatism in the periphery of the realm, the brothers placed on the throne Childeric IIIwho was to be the last Merovingian king. InPepin was elected and anointed King of the Franks and in Pope Stephen II again anointed him and his young sons, now heirs to the great realm which already covered most of western and central Europe.
Thus was the Merovingian dynasty replaced by the Carolingian dynasty, named after Pepin's father, Charles Martel. Under the new dynasty, the Frankish kingdom spread to encompass an area including most of Western Europe. The division of that kingdom formed France and Germany ;  and the religiouspolitical, and artistic evolutions originating from a centrally positioned Francia made a defining imprint on the whole of Western Europe.
Personal traits Date and place of birth Charlemagne is believed to have been born in ; however, several factors have led to a reconsideration of this date.
First, the year was calculated from his age given at death, rather than from attestation in primary sources. Another date is given in the Annales Petaviani, that of 2 April[ not in citation given ] The birth of an emperor at Eastertime is a coincidence likely to provoke comment, but there was no such comment documented inleading some to suspect that the Easter birthday was a pious fiction concocted as a way of honoring the Emperor.
Other commentators weighing the primary records have suggested that his birth was one year later, in He went to live in his father's villa in Jupille when he was around seven, which caused Jupille to be listed as a possible place of birth in almost every history book. Charlemagne left and Pippin the Hunchback.
Tenth-century copy of a lost original from about His name, however, is first attested in its Latin form, "Carolus" or "Karolus. It was probably a Germanic dialect of the Ripuarian Franksbut linguists differ on its identity and chronology. Some linguists go so far as to say that he did not speak Old Frankish.
Old Frankish is reconstructed from its descendant, Old Low Franconianwhich would give rise to the Dutch language and to the modern dialects in the German North Rhineland, which were dubbed Ripuarian in modern times.
Another important source are loanwords in Old French. Linguists know very little about Old Frankish, as it is attested mainly as phrases and words in the law codes of the main Frankish tribes especially those of the Salian and Ripuarian Frankswhich are written in Latin interspersed with Germanic elements.
The area of Charlemagne's birth does not make determination of his native language easier. At that time, this was an area of some linguistic diversity.
Old East Low Franconian in the city, north and northwest; the closely related Old Ripuarian Franconian to the east and in Aachen; and Gallo-Romance the ancestor of the Walloon dialect of Old French in the south and southwest.For the record, Charlemagne was King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire ( - ).
He was born in in Northern Europe. Charles was the . Pippin's sons, Charlemagne and Carloman, immediately became joint heirs to the great realm which already covered most of western and central Europe.
Under the new dynasty, the Frankish kingdom spread to encompass an area including most of Western Europe. Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, was the king of the Franks from A.D. In Aachen, A.D., Charles was born to Peppin the Short.
Before Charlemagne's time, Charles Martel and Peppin the Short had been working hard at trying to conquer, unify, and Christianize Europe. Charlemagne (; 2 April // January ), also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was King of the Franks.
He united most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. Charlemagne (; 2 April // January ), also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was King of the Franks.
He united most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He took the Frankish throne in . Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, CAROLINGIAN king of the FRANKS, came to rule over most of Europe and assumed () the title of Roman emperor.
Heis sometimes regarded as the founder of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE.