Stories, Narratives, and Storytelling "
Psychological Responses To Loss A look at the most common psychological and emotional responses to loss. Whether an individual copes with a significant loss or death in a positive and constructive rather than in a negative or destructive manner depends on the types of coping mechanisms used and the quality of support being given.
There are two major psychological responses by individuals when adjusting to loss: If we wish to help friends and loved ones in time of sorrow, we need to understand how these are expressed by them. Coping mechanisms Coping mechanisms operate to psychologically protect individuals and are used to reduce the level of anxiety they feel at a given moment.
This allows them to better adjust to the loss and begin the grieving and healing process. This response reduces anxiety by allowing individuals to limit their awareness about the reality of what has happened until the pain can be let in more slowly.
Sighing and crying can be readily observed. Others cannot cry and may withdraw. This stage is relinquished more easily if people will listen to the bereaved person and help them express their whole range of feelings. Listening to feelings without giving advice is the best helping strategy.
Characterized by a period of confusion in which the grieving person may feel out of touch with the ordinary proceedings of life. They may exhibit very dependent behavior and a time-orientation that focuses solely on the present.
They may become quite demanding, asking others to do things they normally can do themselves. Some of their talk and actions may seem foolish and out of character to others. A coping mechanism in which the grieving person attempts to master the loss by gathering a great deal of knowledge and information and analyzing in detail the situations leading to the loss.
They may find out the most intricate medical data of a fatal disease, for example. Or, they may plan in detail what will happen after the loss occurs. If it remains within reasonable bounds, intellectualization can give the individual and family members a greater sense of control.
Emotional Reactions Emotional responses coexist with coping mechanisms, but they do not necessarily protect the person from the trauma of loss.
They are means for the individual to express emotions and feelings associated with the loss. Anger and resentment are common emotions of bereaved individuals. It is often expressed as a protest against what seems to be a cruel, unfair and incomprehensible fate.
It is a reaction to frustration—the source of which cannot be removed, so the person feels trapped and helpless. When this happens, the individual may project this anger onto more accessible targets e.
Overt expressions of anger, such as verbal outbursts, sarcasm, and unreasonable or persistent demands, should be recognized as an understandable response to a traumatic situation and not necessarily as a personal attack.
For most of us, talking openly about our feelings helps reduce the anger. Friends can help by listening empathetically and resisting the temptation to return anger with anger, or becoming defensive if they make accusations. Unexpressed anger may be turned inward and may be replaced by silent bitterness, indifference, apathy, aggression, and ultimately, depression.
Guilt feelings are frequently a part of the grief process. These feelings become focused as the individual searches for the cause of the loss thinking thoughts like these: You remember words you wish you had not said or actions you wish you had not taken.
It is human to feel guilty and to want another chance to erase neglect or failure. If the individual openly expresses guilt, it is better to encourage talking about it rather than clamming up.
A caring person will encourage the full expression of feelings rather than blocking them, which would make the person feel even more guilty. Fear and anxiety is another emotional component of bereavement. The grieving person may exhibit feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, hurt and anxiety.
Sudden loss means rapid change and demands great adjustment. Starting over, with a new job, with a new career, new relationships, can be a frightening experience.
The greater the loss, the greater the potential change, the greater the anxiety and fear. Joining a support group where people can freely express their worries in a supportive environment can help reduce needless anxiety.
Shame occurs when a person is in a situation that is incompatible with the image that one wishes others to have. Shame, guilt, anger and regret often intertwine and are overlapping.
A farmer who involuntarily leaves the farm may believe that this reveals an intrinsic weakness or unworthiness in himself.A look at the most common psychological and emotional responses to loss. Emotional Reactions Emotional responses coexist with coping mechanisms, but they do not necessarily protect the person from the trauma of loss.
Guilt feelings are frequently a part of the grief process. These feelings become focused as the individual searches for. Narrative inquiry has an underlying philosophy and access that enables the illumination of real people in real settings through the ‘painting’ of their stories.
It is a methodology in which the researcher attempts to illuminate the meanings of personal stories and events.
the writing process Writing a Response or Reaction Paper Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material. Narrative inquiry has an underlying philosophy and access that enables the illumination of real people in real settings through the ‘painting’ of their stories. It is a methodology in which the researcher attempts to illuminate the meanings of personal stories and events. The Importance of Feeling Awkward: A Dialogical Narrative Phenomenology of Socially Awkward Situations. Joshua W. Clegg John Jay College, City University of New York, New York, In this study, we explored social awkwardness through detailed narrative accounts. These were gathered by members of a research group, composed of myself .
It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Please check your internet connection or reload this page. How we can explore gerontology through film. Lessons You Won't Learn In School.
Here are 10 skills that will clarify your visions and bring you closer to your life goals. Someone might have an overarching narrative for her whole life, and different narratives for different realms of her life—career, romance, family, faith.
. “The Physiological and Psychological Development of the Adolescent” is a curriculum unit designed to explain the life of the adolescent from two perspectives.
Once viewed, the adult will be able to understand the reasoning behind the child’s sudden changes in behavior.