It is not, has never been, nor will ever be, a Wikipedia policy or guideline. Rather, it illustrates standards or conduct that are generally not accepted by the Wikipedia community. Some discussions are born lame; some achieve lameness; some have lameness thrust upon them.
It is a major pacing factor for research; the productivity of researchers is only as great as the tools they have available to observe, measure, and make sense of nature.
Instrumentation is increasingly advanced, pushing the boundaries of our science and engineering knowledge and our technologic capabilities. The need for particular types of instruments and facilities has broadened, crossing scientific, engineering, and medical disciplines.
The growth of interdisciplinary research that focuses on large-scale problems demands more instrumentation. Instruments that were once of interest only to specialists are Findings conclusion and recommendation essay by a wide array of scientists to solve critical research problems.
The need for new types of instruments—such as distributed Findings conclusion and recommendation essay, cybertools, and sensor arrays— is increasing.
Researchers are increasingly dependent on advanced instruments that require highly specialized knowledge and training for their proper use. Page 90 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities.
The National Academies Press. ARIF is distinguished from other types of instrumentation by the capital cost and in that it is commonly acquired by large-scale centers or research programs rather than individual investigators. The acquisition of ARIF by scientists often requires a substantial institutional commitment, depends on high-level decision-making at both institutions and federal agencies, and is often managed by institutions.
Furthermore, the advanced nature of ARIF often requires an expert technical staff for its operation and maintenance. Assessment—Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences to assess the need for an interagency program to establish and support fully equipped, state-of-the-art university-based centers for interdisciplinary research and advanced instrumentation development.
In assessing the question of interagency activity, the committee found that the acquisition of ARIF often requires support from multiple funding sources, and this poses a substantial burden on the researchers and institutions seeking federal funding for such instruments and facilities. Serve as a clearinghouse for agencies to discuss best practices for the support of ARIF.
Allow researchers in diverse disciplines to present their case for ARIF that would be used in many fields to multiple agencies simultaneously. Encourage the federal research agencies to work together to develop joint solicitations for proposals.
The establishment of a mandatory interagency program also is not necessary because research agencies already cooperate to some extent by cofunding ARIF. What are the current programs and policies of the major federal research agencies for advanced research instrumentation? The Department of Homeland Security and the US Department of Agriculture support relevant instrumentation development projects through formal and informal proposal processes.
The Department of Energy DOE and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA focus their instrumentation funds on their national research facilities, which include a number of instruments categorized as major research equipment.
Because of the missions of the two agencies, support for ARIF instruments is more likely go to upgrades to existing facilities and instrument development. What is the current status of advanced midsized research instrumentation on university campuses?
How are such instruments currently designed, built, funded, operated, and maintained? The committee performed a preliminary survey of academic research institutions, requesting information on recently acquired ARIF and any issues and concerns regarding ARIF. More than three-fourths of institutions with ARIF have only one or two such instruments or facilities, and none has more than four.
Because of the high number of responses from smaller institutions and some incomplete surveys from institutions with which the committee is familiar, the committee has no reason to believe that the statistical results of this survey are Page 93 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The committee did give weight to the concerns raised by universities responding to the survey and to common elements among the ARIF reported, particularly the operations and maintenance costs, the sources of initial capital cost, and the ubiquitous need for support personnel.
In the same congressional act that authorized this study, the NSF has been asked to conduct a more thorough survey. The committee looks forward to the results of this effort. For more than half the ARIF reported, at least two funding sources were needed to meet the initial capital costs.
Most federal agencies do not provide the operation and maintenance costs for ARIF.
Support for those continuing costs instead comes from institutional funds and user fees. Obtaining operation and maintenance funding for ARIF was the most common concern expressed in the survey responses. Almost all ARIF require PhD-level technical support staff to achieve consistent high-level performance and facilitate use by researchers.
Providing viable career paths for those essential personnel is a critical issue facing universities with ARIF. What challenges do federal agencies and universities identify regarding such instruments?
Page 94 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Some institutions remarked that, because of high demand, the administration of instrumentation was particularly challenging—especially resource allocation and scheduling. Maintaining the required environment for the instrument.
Many of the instruments reported by institutions require a specially controlled environment for proper operation. Locating sources of funding to support staff costs.
Some institutions reported that an instrument itself was difficult to run and keep at peak performance.Even with projected growth of % between and , the vast majority of computer science jobs will be pursued and filled by men.
As STEM-related industries on a whole add over million jobs in the coming years, there continues to be a notable absence of women in the field.
SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS From the review of related literature and the results of data analysis presented in chapter two and four of this research work, the following summary, conclusion and recommendations are presented. Facts and figures collected by an auditor to satisfy the objectives of the audit (the findings), inferences drawn by the auditors from the findings (the conclusions), and courses of action suggested by the auditor in line with the objectives of the audit (the recommendations). Published: Mon, 5 Dec Dhirubhai Ambani, was an Indian Entrepreneur who reformed the thought process of doing business in India. He inspired people to beat the system rather than be in the system if one’s dreams asked for it.
This page contains material that is kept because it is considered humorous. Please do not take it too seriously. CONCLUSIONS Sub-headings are the same (change to Addictive Game Features) Respondents’ Profile is not included in the Conclusions Do not include percentage figures in the Conclusions Conclusions = summary of findings + logical conclusions.
What else belongs in the introductory section(s) of your paper? A statement of the goal of the paper: why the study was undertaken, or why the paper was written.
Synonyms for findings at initiativeblog.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for findings. summary conclusion recommendation essay Chapter V Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations Summary It is for this reason that the researchers would like to determined if there are any existence of bullying in Sorsogon National High School and if there is, the researchers would like to know if they aware of it.