Villain comes from the Anglo-French and Old French vilain, which itself descends from the Late Latin word villanus, meaning "farmhand",  in the sense of someone who is bound to the soil of a villa, which is to say, worked on the equivalent of a plantation in Late Antiquityin Italy or Gaul.
Greek hero cult A classical hero is considered to be a "warrior who lives and dies in the pursuit of honor" and asserts their greatness by "the brilliancy and efficiency with which they kill".
Classical heroes are commonly semi-divine and extraordinarily gifted, like Achillesevolving into heroic characters through their perilous circumstances. Hector acted as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, "killing 31, Greek fighters," offers Hyginus.
Indeed, Homer places Hector as peace-loving, thoughtful as well as bold, a good son, husband and father, and without darker motives. However, his familial values conflict greatly with his heroic aspirations in The Iliad, as he cannot be both the protector of Troy and a father to his child.
He was the child of Thetis and Peleusmaking him a demi-god. He wielded superhuman strength on the battlefield and was blessed with a close relationship to the Gods. Achilles famously refuses to fight after his dishonoring at the hands of Agamemnon, and only returns to the war due to unadulterated rage after Hector kills his close friend Patroclus.
Achilles plays a tragic role in The Iliad brought about by constant de-humanization throughout the epic, having his menis wrath overpower his philos love. Fateor destiny, plays a massive role in the stories of classical heroes. Countless heroes and gods go to great lengths to alter their pre-destined fate, but with no success, as no immortal can change their prescribed outcomes by the three Fates.
But, Oedipus slays his father without an afterthought when he unknowingly encounters him in a dispute on the road many years later.
The lack of recognition enabled Oedipus to slay his father, ironically further binding his father to his fate. Classical heroes, regardless of their morality, were placed in religion.
In classical antiquitycults that venerated deified heroes such as HeraclesPerseusand Achilles played an important role in Ancient Greek religion. It is a set of 22 common traits that he said were shared by many heroes in various cultures, myths and religions throughout history and around the world.
Raglan argued that the higher the score, the more likely the figure is mythical. Expounded mainly by Joseph Campbell in his work The Hero with a Thousand Facesit illustrates several uniting themes of hero stories that hold similar ideas of what a hero represents, despite vastly different cultures and beliefs.
Within these stages there are several archetypes that the hero or heroine may follow including the call to adventure which they may initially refusesupernatural aid, proceeding down a road of trials, achieving a realization about themselves or an apotheosisand attaining the freedom to live through their quest or journey.
Campbell offered examples of stories with similar themes such as KrishnaBuddhaApollonius of Tyanaand Jesus. Occidental Mythology, Campbell writes "It is clear that, whether accurate or not as to biographical detail, the moving legend of the Crucified and Risen Christ was fit to bring a new warmth, immediacy, and humanity, to the old motifs of the beloved TammuzAdonisand Osiris cycles.
Departure on a quest Reacting to the test of a donor Marrying a princess or similar figure Propp distinguished between seekers and victim-heroes.
A villain could initiate the issue by kidnapping the hero or driving him out; these were victim-heroes.
Victims may appear in tales with seeker heroes, but the tale does not follow them both. Philosophy of history and Great man theory No history can be written without consideration of the lengthy list of recipients of national medals for braverypopulated by firefighters, policemen and policewomen, ambulance medics and ordinary have-a-go heroes.
Carlyle centered history on the biography of a few central individuals such as Oliver Cromwell or Frederick the Great. His heroes were political and military figures, the founders or topplers of states. His history of great men included geniuses good and, perhaps for the first time in historical study, evil.
Most in the philosophy of history school contend that the motive forces in history can best be described only with a wider lens than the one that Carlyle used for his portraits. For example, Karl Marx argued that history was determined by the massive social forces at play in " class struggles ", not by the individuals by whom these forces are played out.
After Marx, Herbert Spencer wrote at the end of the 19th century: Before he can remake his society, his society must make him. The Annales Schoolled by Lucien FebvreMarc Bloch and Fernand Braudelwould contest the exaggeration of the role of individual subjects in history.
Indeed, Braudel distinguished various time scales, one accorded to the life of an individual, another accorded to the life of a few human generations, and the last one to civilizationsin which geographyeconomics and demography play a role considerably more decisive than that of individual subjects.
Readings in the French and English Novel, — The hero attracts much attention because most of those scenarios are based on the suppositions: The definitions of the heroine often refer back to the one of the hero, but sometimes insinuate that their deeds are of less value, or were obtained only thanks to their love of God or a country or of a man.
Therefore, implying that an external explanation for the extraordinary nature of her deeds is needed to justify them.
|Romeo and Juliet, Study Guide, Shakespeare||At a time when most European merchants could not come up with a way of circling the Muslim blockade to participate or take over the lucrative spices trade with China and India, he came up with a very daring proposition:|
|Examples of Archetype in Literature||Original copies Liquid gas The above oxymoron examples produce a comical effect. Thus, it is a lot of fun to use them in your everyday speech.|
|BlacKkKlansman||In addition, if one was told to give examples of a hero, the list could be big enough ranging from people we envy to those we feel or think they are heroes.|
|Hero - Wikipedia||Archetype Archetype Definition In literature, an archetype is a typical characteran action, or a situation that seems to represent universal patterns of human nature.|
|Damsel in distress - Wikipedia||This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.|
The warrior women is considered unholy, unnatural. Acts of heroism coming from women are acceptable, during specific time, like when men are at war, during times of crisis, but they are otherwise often seen as suspicious.- The aim of this essay, is to answer the long-awaited question 'Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain.
This question, is a hard one to answer. James Heath once said "His name and memory stink.". Definition Essay - Defining Service - Definition Essay- Defining Service Being raised in a Christian faith and family, you’re likely to hear the word “service” quite a bit.
The definition of a hero has changed throughout time. The superhero stories often pit a super villain against the hero, with the hero fighting the crime caused by the super villain.
Examples of long-running superheroes include Superman, Batman, Spider-Man and Wonder Woman. Today, an ordinary, everyday person can be transformed into a hero or villain almost instantly.
We will write a custom essay sample on Heroes and villains essay specifically for you for only $ $/page. A person who accidentally releases a poisonous gas and kills many people can also be labeled a villain by definition, but I.
When you include an essay in your unit on ''Frankenstein,'' you help your students explore the major themes of the classic on their own.
Here are prompts for expository essays, compare and. Free villain papers, essays, and research papers. The Duchess of Malfi: A True Villain - According to Webster’s dictionary, the definition of ‘villain’ is “a character in a story, movie, etc., who does bad things” (Merriam-Webster).